Marquess of Queensberry Rules
'The Marquess of Queensberry rules is a code of generally accepted rules in the sport of boxing. Drafted in London in 1865 and published in 1867, they were named so as John Douglas, 9th Marquess of Queensberry publicly endorsed the code,although they were written by a Welsh sportsman named John Graham Chambers. The code of rules on which modern boxing is based, the Queensberry rules were the first to mandate boxing gloves in boxing.
The Queensberry rules superseded the Revised London Prize Ring rules (1853), and are intended for use in both professional and amateur boxing matches, thus separating it from the less popular American Fair Play Rules, which were strictly intended for amateur matches. In popular culture the term is sometimes used to refer to a sense of sportsmanship and fair play.'
To be a fair stand-up boxing match in a 24-foot ring, or as near that size as practicable.
No wrestling or hugging allowed.
The rounds to be of three minutes' duration, and one minute's time between rounds.
If either man falls through weakness or otherwise, he must get up unassisted, 10 seconds to be allowed him to do so, the other man meanwhile to return to his corner, and when the fallen man is on his legs the round is to be resumed and continued until the three minutes have expired. If one man fails to come to the scratch in the 10 seconds allowed, it shall be in the power of the referee to give his award in favour of the other man.
A man hanging on the ropes in a helpless state, with his toes off the ground, shall be considered down.
No seconds or any other person to be allowed in the ring during the rounds.
Should the contest be stopped by any unavoidable interference, the referee to name the time and place as soon as possible for finishing the contest; so that the match must be won and lost, unless the backers of both men agree to draw the stakes.
The gloves to be fair-sized boxing gloves of the best quality and new.
Should a glove burst, or come off, it must be replaced to the referee's satisfaction.
A man on one knee is considered down and if struck is entitled to the stakes.
That no shoes or boots with spikes or springs be allowed.
The contest in all other respects to be governed by revised London Prize Ring Rules.
John L. Sullivan vs Dominick McCaffrey
In the 6th round, after the champion tackled the challenger to the floor, referee Billy Tate stopped the fight to save McAffrey from further punishment and declared Sullivan the winner. Both fighters subsequently agreed to fight a 7th, unofficial round without a referee present. Sullivan is named the 1st Heavyweight Champion under the Marquess of Queensberry Rules after this victory.
United States Jake Kilrain KO 75 (80) 08/07/1889 United States Richburg, Mississippi, United States
Last world title bout under the London Prize Ring Rules. (retired undefeated in 1889. Came back or retirement to fight James J. Corbett, in 1892, 3 years and 2 months after his last title defence. Corbett made Sullivan chase him, thus tiring him. Sullivan was a dead man walking for the most part, after the first 5 rounds.. In the 21st round, Corbett connected with a big left hand and it was all over.That marked the first and last time that John L. Sullivan ever lost.(retired after this bout)
That bout was not a bare knuckle fight, subsequently having no interference with Sullivan's 'Bare knuckle Lineal Boxing Championship 'belt'', which, he took with him in the after life.
40-0-2 34KOs (though many sources disagree on his exact record)
At the 'twilight' of his relatively brief span of life, he could best be described from my friend, wiki, as its presented below:
'Overweight and unhealthy from a long life of overindulging in food and drinks as well as from the effects from prizefighting, Sullivan died at age 59 and is buried in the Old Calvary Cemetery in Roslindale, a neighborhood of Boston. He died with barely 10 dollars in his pocket.
Sullivan was inducted into the International Boxing Hall of Fame in 1990, as a member of the hall's original class. .. . ..........'
The barn where Sullivan trained still stands in the small town of Belfast, New York and is now the Bare Knuckle Boxing Hall of Fame.